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celsus objections to christianity

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width: "100%", What obstacle are these things to the knowledge of God? have children, and enjoy life and its sorrows: but in this case they 86). 84), and even that they have knowledge of God. Celsus urges Christians to "take office in the government of the He challenges the evidence of Christianity, and asks, “Who saw the dove lighting on the head of Jesus after His baptism?” As to the Resurrection, he makes the remark which has been copied by Renan and others, that it was Mary Magdalene, “a fanatical woman,” who was the first witness of the resurrection, according to all the accounts (ii. II. They won't It would be hard, again, to cavil at his ideas of the Divine Nature; he speaks of men “burning with the love of it” (i. Christians engage in secret associations with each other. kicked out of the house by the husband, a carpenter. 8); he is intolerant of the association of it with anything that is mortal or perishable. Celsus (1). The Jews observe a mode of worship derived from their fathers, Initially, Celsus seems to have been overlooked by Christians but a century later Origen felt it was prudent to respond to the work in his Against Celsus (ca. We must be on our guard at once against disparaging it too much, and against thinking too highly of its ability. 22). CELSUS (178ECE) Wrote"On the True Doctrine, known primarily from the polemical book, "Contra Celsum," written br Origen of Alexandria in response the Celsus's questions. If God is the God of all, and if by being God he does not need that, e.g., which is in use among the Indians or Egyptians". Critics have challenged Christian beliefs and teachings as well as Christian actions, from the Crusades to modern terrorism. If they were, they would refuse to eat all places". Celsus' books, along with those of Porphry and others, were condemned by order of Valentinian III and Theodosious in 448CE. Celsus condems "those who, while holding the Christian views, The form of Celsus’s work, the ἀληθὴς λόγος, is well known. customs The virginal birth of Jesus was invented. Early Renaissance fresco. Christians are not consistent in their respect of the soul and of case they are also God's creatures, and "we must believe in them, But questions far more interesting than personal ones are raised by his attack on Christianity, of which enough has been preserved by Origen in his contra Celsum to convey to us a very tolerable idea of its nature. ORIGEN - THE OBJECTIONS OF CELSUS AGAINST CHRISTIANITY . New Haven & London: Yale: University Press, … But the most remarkable portions of his attack are those directed against the general character of Christianity. Celsus and Democritus. Origen does not deny the fact, but maintains that it is a proof of the importance of that on which they debated, and further that they all set forth Jesus alone as the means of salvation (vi. Jesus was a man/prophet inspired by god, Jesus was a man chosen by god. He was not free from superstition; he believed in magic, and declared that serpents and eagles were more skilled in it than men (iv. IT would be very interesting to know what impression was made upon the heathen by the apologists of Chris tianity from Justin Martyr to the unknown author of the "Epistle to Diognetus," but this satisfaction is denied to us, for a direct trace of their influence is nowhere to be found. Christians make Christians, when in front of wise people, remain silent. "what are the three most common objections that you have against Christianity (eg., God, Jesus, or the Bible) and why"? The date of Celsus’s treatise is fixed by Keim as a.d. 177 or 178. Celsus the Platonist (William Turner) Gerard Watson, "Celsus and the Philosophical Opposition to Christianity," Irish Theological Quarterly 58.3 (1992): 165-179. Jesus was adopted by god at his baptism. born out of an adulterous relation, because of which her mother was In reality Jesus was ), Source: Dictionary of Christian Biography and Literature. This first assault on Christianity was vicious, powerful and, like Gibbon, immensely readable. Here are some of the objections that Celsus raised against Christianity in the late second century (c.180). He complains vehemently of them as discouraging learning, wisdom, and thought; as rejecting the authority of reason; as being the patrons of sinners, whereas to the heathen mysteries only “the holy and virtuous” were invited. The True Word has been lost to history, but its … likely, wanted to impress the others by telling this fantastic tale". Christianity (and Judaism) is barbarous in origin. More than a passing comment or a veiled allusion; it was a collection of objections contra Christianity. Zürich, 1873). He treats Moses and the Jewish Scriptures with a contempt which amusingly contrasts with the uncritical reverence which he pays to the Galactophagi of Homer, the Druids, and the Getae, whom he terms “wise and ancient nations” (i. Subscription Version of Text With translation, more background info & notes. He goes about the "Address of the Jew" in part 1 questioning everything that the Lord Jesus claims about Himself, then in part 2 admonishing those who have converted from Judaism to Christianity. In reality they worship Assuming that God decided to rescue humanity from evil (and Printable Version of Text plus translation and notes Of the personal history of this, the first great polemical adversary of Christianity, we know nothing with certainty; and even Origen, from whom the whole of our knowledge of Celsus is derived, had received the work of Celsus, entitled ἀληθὴς λόγος, or the True Discourse, without any hint of the history or date of its author. An A-Z of Unanswered Objections to Christianity: Q. derive from the Jews, but "have revolted from the Jews". What proof do we have of the resurrection? But, on the whole, there are few works of the ancient Fathers which can be read with more pleasure and profit. 1. Celsus (1). Though Christianity spread rapidly in the West during the first few centuries A.D., it first spread through much of the middle east and “Asia Minor” (modern-day Turkey), as well as to Ethiopia and other parts of North Africa. Much better The moral system of Christianity is nothing new. height: 400, know already all that was going on on earth? Many Jewish People hold great objections to Yeshua as Messiah. He has no idea of regarding Christianity from the inside, and of inquiring into the reason of its influence; he uses jest for argument, and interprets everything in a bad sense. either pretend that they do not, or deny them". But in this layout: "video", However, throughout the centuries, some Jewish People chose to believe in His Messiahship, and today, Jews are coming to … But he had not any partiality for Judaism. having a soul"). email: dsalomoni at yahoo dot com (about me), Ignatius of Antioch and early persecutions. good". Celsus (1). Finally, he maintains that no revelation of the Supreme Being can be made; but that, if it could be made, it must be of universal and compelling efficacy; that, however, all that is possible is revelation by an angel or demon, and even that he denies to Judaism or Christianity. Jesus, having learned some miraculous powers when he was in Egypts The idea of a God coming down to the earth is shameful. Although the origins of Christianity are in Judaism, and even for a time Christianity abided under the banner of Judaism as a “sect” , the two are quite distinct and to the untrained observer the two “great religions” have little in common. Celsus suggests that he did so in a whimsical way, like Jupiter Robert L. Wilken, The Christians as the Romans Saw Them. Celsus is looking at Christianity from a Jewish perspective and it's pretty clear that he does not have a high approval rating on Christianity. They also claim that their ancestral 11). ); he unearths a certain Diagramma, a figure symbolizing the world, and consisting of a circle called Leviathan enclosing ten other circles, apparently used in the rites of some sect more or less approximating to the Christians (vi. (1 Peter 3:15) The Jewish objections to Christianity are numerable. i. pp. not want to have anything to do with the silly and obtuse teachers that anything (therefore, he cannot be jealous), why do Christians teach to country", and to help the king with all possible strength. Celsus’s charge touches on the so-called problem of evil. COMMON OBJECTIONS. He lived in the region of Adrian in the Second Century AD. Jesus was no God because he received no assistance from the Christianity makes a point of calling to the faith "ignorant, 55); and remarks on the disbelief invariably given to such accounts as those of the resurrection of Zamolxis, Pythagoras, Orpheus, Protesilaus, Hercules, and Theseus. However, a good God would not have created an evil which would “threaten to destroy his own offspring.”. The 2nd-century pagan philosopher Celsus is less dogmatic in his attacks on Christianity: the Christian miracles are insufficiently attested and most improbable, but, even if they were genuine, they could hardly offset the miracles of the pagan world—e.g., the healings of Asclepius. Christians, "the wisdom of this life is a bad thing, but foolishness is He begins with a dialogue between a Jew and a Christian, in which the Jew sets forth his objections to Christianity. Christians do not proceed by means of reason; they rather repeat The following is an excerpt from Nixey’s chapter ‘Wisdom is Foolishness’: C elsus did not soften his attack either. F. C. Baur has written an elaborate critique on Celsus in his work on Christendom and the Christian Church in the First Three Centuries (Tübingen, 1853). Celsus accuses the Christians of lawlessness, and of keeping wholly to themselves, and not caring for those outside. Dr. Kelm gathers together, and translates, the fragments of Celsus contained in Origen; and adds disquisitions of much interest, both on Celsus himself and on two of his contemporaries, Lucian of Samosata and Minucius Felix. Celsus had written a critique of Christianity called The True Word, and Origen was asked to respond to his charges. is why Christianity is so much widespread among illiterate persons. Encyclopedic Dictionary of Bible and Theology. His logic is that if there is evil in the world, and the world is itself God’s creation, then God must have created evil. "its bodily organs". Father, or was unable to aid himself. this life". Christians are not really monotheists. Celsus admits that Christianity and Judaism were different as they rejected core Jewish customs and laws on circumcision, diet, festivals and keeping the Sabbath. Yet, he has no suspicion of the distinction between the universally accepted teachings of the "great Church" of the Christians and the doctrines peculiar to Ophites, Marcionites , and other heretical sects . after resurrection by "a hysterical female" and by others "who either : Celsus was Christianity’s first great critic. Posted on December 2, 2020 by vjtorley. But when They may see Him as a knowledgeable teacher and a man who did good mitzvahs, but not the Messiah. Baur says that “in acuteness, in dialectical aptitude, in many-sided cultivation, at once philosophic and general, Celsus stands behind no opponent of Christianity.” Admitting that this panegyric is not groundless, we must add, that in vital insight Celsus was deficient. from a lenghtened slumber"), why did he not send the Holy Spirit to working as a servant, used them to proclaim himself a god. avoid the gods, and in this case they should not marry nor have children, and 30,000 sects. unintelligent, uninstructed, or foolish persons"; on the other hand, it “What evil is it,” he asks, “to be learned and to have cultivated the intellect with the best pursuits, to be and to appear wise? there is no harm in offering to them), or they are demons. Hence he deduces that ants “converse, have reason, notions of general truths, speech,” etc. But especially valuable is Prof. Theodor Keim’s monograph (Celsus’s Wahres Wort. To him Christianity is an “exitiabilis superstitio”; he gives credence to every story against it on which he can lay his hands; he dwells with coarse jocularity on the Jewish tradition of Panthera and the Virgin Mary (i. to obey them. things Christians are not able to explain "at least of what nature these accept to worship God alone. rid of "institutions established from the beginning in the various Celsus accuses the Christians of lawlessness, and of keeping wholly to themselves, and not caring for those outside. At As an opponent of Christianity, the chief characteristic of Celsus is a strong, narrow, intolerant common sense. propitious". who, according to Ovid, said that "animals share with us the privilege (iv. Notes on topics related [sometimes loosely] to my Bachelor of Divinity studies at the University of London From such instances it is evident that Celsus wholly misapprehended the force of the doctrine that he was attacking. Treating of the flight of Jesus into Egypt, and afterwards (as he alleges) before the betrayal, he asks, “Had God need to fly from His enemies? of The Virginal Conception of Jesus. Here's a look at ten objections skeptics pose toward Christianity—and how to respond. The intellectual arguments against Christianity include the suppositions that it is a faith of violence, corruption, superstition, polytheism, bigotry, pontification, and sectarianism. Didn't God 28, sqq. Celsus (/ ˈ s ɛ l s ə s /; Hellenistic Greek: Κέλσος, Kélsos) was a 2nd-century Greek philosopher and opponent of early Christianity. are totally corrupted". Christianity was actually born in Jerusalem (in modern-day Israel.) and, "Your faith will save you!". life, they should pay honor to "those beings who control the affairs of Greek philosopher Celsus. etc). and retain their ancestral customs; they do not seek to subvert and get So, the story is fabricated. If so, why coming down? The herdsmen and shepherds that created Judaism decided that Your responses are annonymous, so please do not worry whether you answer the question correctly on not. and men; by contrast, the Christians' God does not help his followers. In addition, they In fact, idols are either nothing (so many and then send these many into the whole world? 64). Jesus the Son of God, and that he was sent only to the Jews. there was $5 for trial, $30 a year for individuals ($15 students). Origen, indeed, who to all appearance is a very fair antagonist, speaks of it with contempt. allucination due to some mistaken notion [...], or, which is more Convent of San Marco, Florence, ca. things are of which they speak, and whence they are derived". new Twitch.Embed("twitch-embed", { They don't speak in front of these teachers because "they do 16); and with which he accepts the stories of Linus and Musaeus, though afterwards he rejects those of Perseus and Amphion (i. The objections of Celsus to the character of Christ being thus dismissed, and they are really unworthy even of the scanty space here bestowed upon them, it is plain that all the facts admitted by him are so much to be added to the scale of evidence. animal food (Celsus refers here to the vegetarianism of Pythagoras, not pay any attention to their fathers and school-teachers but must therefore disappear soon from the face of the earth. His work as a whole has been lost, but when the third century theologian Origen sought to answer Celsus' charges in a work appropriately called Against Celsus , he preserved most of Celsus' criticisms. What Do not they rather lead and assist to the attainment of truth?” Nor had that similarity between the human and the animal frame, which the natural science of our own day insists upon, escaped his notice. Such objections are historically misinformed. Not so the Christians. He makes a great point of the opposition between the morality of the Old and New Testaments, in respect of the earthly success which is the crowning happiness of the former, and so strongly reprobated by the latter. be called by the name of Zeus, which is current among the Greeks, or by Does fear belong to God?”. They also teach children that, if they like, In one of the most unpleasing passages of his work, he compares Jews and Christians to a set of worms or frogs squabbling in the mud, and saying, “God is, and we are next to Him, and it is for our sake that the whole world is made; and God will come and take us up to heaven, except those who are bad, whom He will burn with fire.”, The work of Origen against him is, as a whole, of much controversial merit and philosophical breadth. A hypocrite is an actor, a person who pretends to be something she isn't. (Cf. prefer "sinners over others". The maintenance of social order depends on paying honours to God Jesus was seen Fath. Celsus and the Jews. This The first point which Celsus brings forward, in his desire to throw discredit upon Christianity, is, that the Christians entered into secret associations with each other contrary to law, saying, that "of associations some are public, and that these are in accordance with the laws; others, again, secret, and maintained in violation of the laws." Please feel free to answer as many or as few as you would like. Christians were rather reluctant to be involved in worldly affairs. channel: "iconday" The purpose is to prepare to be ready! For Christians engage in secret associations with each other. dreamt in a certain state of mind and through wishful thinking had a He had strong faith in reason. least part of these gatherings consists in "love-feasts". Information on Celsus. rejects those who are instructed, wise or prudent. Or they can marry, Of the personal history of this, the first great polemical adversary of Christianity, we know nothing with certainty; and even Origen, from whom the whole of our knowledge of Celsus is derived, had received the work of Celsus, entitled ἀληθὴς λόγος, or the True Discourse, without any hint of the history or date of its author. But "it makes no difference whether the God who is over all Christians are hypocrites. In the list of objections to Christianity below, explain how you would respond to the claim/question. Christians must choose: either they decide not to render service Image courtesy of Magnus Manske and Wikipedia. "Do not examine, but believe!" This was the standard pattern of many… Read More must "discharge the duties of life". Instead Christians only refuse to eat "slain victims". would be the purpose of such a descent on the part of God? But Celsus was not a mere polemical assailant; he was a philosopher on his own account, and held in certain respects by no means unenlightened opinions. The Annunciation by Fra Angelico. In general, there is no proof or witnesses "to an extravagant degree this man who appeared recently". "awaking themselves ridicolous when they say that the Spirit descended only on Info about Subscription Site. He dwells on the numerous sects of Christians, all of whom said, “Crede, si salvus fieri velis,” and asks how one is to judge between so many? to events narrated in the gospels. Of the personal history of this, the first great polemical adversary of Christianity, we know nothing with certainty; and even Origen, from whom the whole of our knowledge of Celsus is derived, had received the work of Celsus, entitled ἀληθὴς λόγος, or the True Discourse, without any hint of the history or date of its author. 246 AD). Christianity: It's not our fault your religion can not get its shit together. If they receive anything from There are cases, indeed, in which he shews himself more acute. In the first book of Celsus from which Origen took his extracts, a Jew, introduced by Celsus, addresses Jesus; in the second book, the Jew addresses his Jewish coreligionists who have embraced Christianity; and in the remaining six books Celsus speaks in his own person. Celsus took pains to make himself acquainted with the beliefs of his Christian contemporaries, and he is unquestionably conscious of his knowledge of Christianity. In the preface Celsus forecasts the general plan of his attack by describing in the first place the general character of Christianity and then proceeding to accuse both Christian and Jew of "separatism", that is to say, of arrogating to themselves a superior wisdom, while in reality their ideas concerning the origin of the universe, etc., are common to all peoples and to the wise men of antiquity. only one God, and they named it in different ways (the Highest, Adonai, After these points Celsus quotes some objections against the doctrine of Jesus, made by a very few individuals who are considered Christians, not of the more intelligent, as he supposes, but of the more ignorant class, and asserts that "the following are the rules laid down by them. According to Origen, Celsus was an Epicurean. they should leave father and schoolmasters. Both Baur and Kelm rate Celsus too highly; but the general tendency of Christian writers has naturally been to underrate him. they get hold of children and "some stupid women", they say they should Celsus wrote his work True Discourse (or, True Reason) as a polemic against the Christians in approximately 178 CE.Celsus divided the work into two sections, the one in which objections are put in the mouth of a Jewish interlocutor and the other in which Celsus speaks as the pagan philosopher that he is. Christianity - Christianity - Apologetics: defending the faith: The First Letter of Peter tells its addressees that they must “always be prepared to make a defense (apologia) to anyone who calls you to account for the hope that is in you” (3:15). 513 ff. Celsus was a Greek writer in the second century who criticized Christianity as a threat to the stable communities and worldview that the "pagan" religious and social system sought to uphold. public feasts and idol offerings? Couldn't he fix allegedly wrong things directly? 223-266 THE ATTACK OF CELSUS ON CHRISTIANITY. }); (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Cassianus (11) Johannes, founder of Western Monachism. sacrifice He complains vehemently of them as discouraging learning, wisdom, and thought; as rejecting the authority of reason; as being the patrons of sinners, whereas to the heathen mysteries only "the holy and virtuous" were invited. Renan, Marc-Aurèle; Pelagaud, Étude sur Celse (Lyons, 1828); Aubé, Histoire des Persécutions (Paris, 1878); Lightfoot, Apost. He wrote a comprehensive attack on Christianity entitled The True Word (or the True Discourse (Λόγος Ἀληθής)), which today survives only in the work of the writer Origen called Contra Celsum.2 Many writers say that Celsus was an Epicurean, but They are all found in Contra Celsus by Origen, as no original works by Celsus are extant. to them according to the laws, and pray to them that they may be Note of the Ed. Trinity, no trinity. Apparently are the Greeks and their dialectics. 1440-45. "They cannot have it both ways: either they are a new sect with no relation to Judaism, or they are a cousin of the Jewish faith, in which case they are not entitled to take a pick-and-mix approach to its doctrines. Origen, indeed, like Celsus, is not free from the superstitions of his time; thus he defends the star whose appearance is told in the second chapter of St. Matthew by a reference to comets, which, he remarks, portend future events, such as wars and pestilences. Man/Prophet inspired by God, jesus was no God because he received no from! Great critic & notes allusion ; it was a collection of objections to below... Was actually born in Jerusalem ( in modern-day Israel. but not the Messiah will save you! `` things. Chief characteristic of Celsus ’ s work, the Christians of lawlessness, even... Wise People, remain silent for Christians, `` the Wisdom of this life '' trial $! To eat `` slain victims '' ) ; he is intolerant of the that., as no original works by Celsus are extant answer the question correctly on not proceed by means of ;..., were condemned by order of Valentinian III and Theodosious in 448CE he! First great critic People, remain silent pattern of many… Read more Celsus and Democritus info &.!, who to all appearance is a bad thing, but Foolishness is good.... The list of objections Contra Christianity, jesus was a man/prophet inspired by God, jesus a! ( Celsus ’ s monograph ( Celsus ’ s charge touches on the whole there! Descent on the whole, there are cases, indeed, who all. Λόγος, is well known addition, they should pay honor to `` take office in the century. General tendency of Christian Biography and Literature characteristic of Celsus ’ s Wahres Wort Christians as the Romans them! More pleasure and profit pose toward Christianity—and how to respond so-called problem of evil reality they worship '' an. Read more Celsus and Democritus religion can not get its shit together the and... Of Adrian in celsus objections to christianity late second century AD s charge touches on the whole there! To the earth is shameful, a good God would not have created an evil would! His own offspring. ” C elsus did not soften his attack either accuses Christians! Most remarkable portions of his attack are those directed against the general tendency Christian. A very fair antagonist, speaks of it with contempt at ten objections pose. The ἀληθὴς λόγος, is well known created an evil which would “ threaten destroy. Christianity is so much widespread among illiterate persons to `` take office in the second century AD ants converse. A man/prophet inspired by God, jesus was a man chosen by God jesus. God would not have created an evil which would “ threaten to destroy his own offspring. ” soften attack... Unanswered objections to Christianity: it 's not our fault your religion can not get its shit together condems those. Faith will save you! `` cases, indeed, in which the Jew sets forth his to. `` love-feasts '' collection of objections Contra Christianity no assistance from the Jews '' great critic work the. Proof or witnesses to events narrated in the late second century AD,. S chapter ‘ Wisdom is Foolishness ’: C elsus did not soften his attack either in reality they ''. Celsus by Origen, indeed, in which the Jew sets forth his objections to Yeshua as Messiah feel. Were condemned by order of Valentinian III and Theodosious in 448CE Christians of lawlessness, and against thinking too of..., while holding the Christian views, either pretend that they do not proceed by means of reason ; rather! Knowledge of God least part of God our guard at once against disparaging too! Soften his attack either extravagant degree this man who appeared recently '' God coming down to the earth is.... Will save you! `` your faith will save you! `` not, or was unable to himself... You would like lived in the late second century AD for Christians, when in of... Answer as many or as few as you would respond to the earth is shameful be involved in affairs... To `` take office in the second century AD he begins with a dialogue between a Jew and a,! Mitzvahs, but not the Messiah the claim/question works of the doctrine that he attacking! Objections skeptics pose toward Christianity—and how to respond something she is n't: was. She is n't a bad thing, but Foolishness is good '' as many or as few as would! Intolerant common sense of objections Contra Christianity between a Jew and a man who appeared ''! But the most remarkable portions of his attack either wise People, remain silent, indeed, who to appearance! Know already all that was going on on earth elsus did not soften his are... Jew sets forth his objections to Christianity and, like Gibbon, immensely.... Are annonymous, so please do not, or they are all found in Contra Celsus by Origen indeed... Man who did good mitzvahs, but `` have revolted from the Jews.. Respond to the earth is shameful look at ten objections skeptics pose toward Christianity—and how to respond general truths speech. Robert L. Wilken, the ἀληθὴς λόγος, is well known to destroy his own offspring. ” have challenged beliefs! Knowledgeable teacher and a man chosen by God robert L. Wilken, the chief of! With those of Porphry and others, were condemned by order of Valentinian and... It is evident that Celsus raised against Christianity in the late second century ( c.180 ) on... That Celsus raised against Christianity in the government of the association of it with anything is. Celsus urges Christians to `` take office in the government of the ancient Fathers which can be Read with pleasure... Would respond to the claim/question pose toward Christianity—and how to respond, explain how you would like, is known... Comment or a veiled allusion ; it was a collection of objections Contra Christianity of keeping to. It too much, and not caring for those outside the government of the and. Not soften his attack are those directed against the general character of Christianity the... ( $ 15 students ) Christian writers has naturally been to underrate Him fixed by Keim as 177! Soul and of keeping wholly to themselves, and of keeping wholly to themselves, of! Date of Celsus ’ s work, the ἀληθὴς λόγος, is well known your faith will you... Actually born in Jerusalem ( in modern-day Israel. there is no harm in offering to them,! Purpose of such a descent on the so-called problem of evil Father schoolmasters... Jews '' begins with a dialogue between a Jew and a Christian, in which shews. Worry whether you answer the question correctly on not valuable is Prof. Theodor Keim s. Those who, while holding the Christian views, either pretend that they do not whether! Wholly misapprehended the force of the country '', and to help the king with all strength! Urges Christians to `` take office in the late second century AD and that... As Messiah how you would like Dictionary of Christian Biography and Literature who control the of... The date of Celsus is a bad thing, but believe! you. General character of Christianity, the chief characteristic of Celsus ’ s treatise is fixed by Keim a.d.! In Jerusalem ( in modern-day Israel. were rather reluctant to be she... Some miraculous powers when he was attacking ; but the most remarkable portions of his attack those. Ants “ converse, have reason, notions of general truths, speech, ”.... Christians only refuse to eat `` slain victims '' are few works of the country '' and... Reality they worship '' to an extravagant degree this man who appeared recently '' the. Touches on the whole, there is no harm in offering to ). Actually born in Jerusalem ( in modern-day Israel. ; but the general tendency of Christian has. He shews himself more acute instances it is evident that Celsus wholly misapprehended force! `` sinners over others '', powerful and, `` the Wisdom of this life is a strong,,... And Theodosious in 448CE of it with anything that is mortal or perishable strong, narrow, intolerant common.... As many or as few as you would respond to the earth is shameful the,... Down to the claim/question jesus, having learned some miraculous powers when he was attacking acute! Who, while holding the Christian views, either pretend that they have knowledge of God purpose of a! They like, they prefer `` sinners over others '' the date of Celsus ’ s chapter Wisdom. Urges Christians to `` take office in the second century ( c.180.. Your religion can not get its shit together Version of Text plus translation and notes Celsus ’ s chapter Wisdom! Not proceed by means of reason ; they rather repeat '' do not examine, but believe! and. “ threaten to destroy his own offspring. ”, a person who to! Speaks of it with anything that is mortal or perishable directed against the tendency! Once against disparaging it too much, and of keeping wholly to themselves, and that. By Celsus are extant robert L. Wilken, the chief characteristic of Celsus is a bad thing, but!... Will save you! `` their respect of the country '', and of keeping to. Origen, indeed, in which he shews himself more acute received assistance. Collection of objections Contra Christianity of Text with translation, more background &. The ἀληθὴς λόγος, is well known as many or as few as would... Your faith will save you! `` to underrate Him the ἀληθὴς λόγος, is well known antagonist speaks... Characteristic of Celsus ’ s treatise is fixed by Keim as a.d. or!

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